California, New Mexico and Colorado have all passed ballot measures legalizing recreational marijuana in November, but a statewide vote on recreational marijuana could take years to pass in any of the three states.
The first major ballot measure in the country, California voters approved Proposition 64 in November 2016, which would allow adults 21 and over to possess up to an ounce of cannabis and grow up to six plants.
A separate ballot measure approved by the state’s voters in 2016 would allow for a retail market, but those measures have not yet been implemented.
According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, the California ballot measure would be considered a failed initiative, and the New Mexico measure would require a two-thirds majority in both chambers of the state legislature to pass.
If approved, it would be the first time in the nation that voters would be able to vote on legalizing recreational pot.
California currently has the strictest laws in the world on the sale, possession, cultivation and use of cannabis.
New Mexico voters rejected an initiative to legalize marijuana in December 2018, with more than 60 percent of voters supporting the legalization of recreational pot in the state.
The state’s governor, Susana Martinez, who was elected in November 2018, has said she supports the legalization effort.
New Jersey and Rhode Island have passed ballot initiatives legalizing recreational use of marijuana.